On stepwise procedures for some multiple inference problems

  • 2.82 MB
  • 2820 Downloads
  • English
by
Alqvist & Wiksell International , Göteborg
Multiple comparisons (Statistics), Regression anal
Statementby Tommy Johnsson.
SeriesPublications / Department of Statistics, University of Göteborg Sweden ;, 20 =, Skriftserie / Statiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet ;, 20, Skriftserie (Göteborgs universitet. Statistiska institutionen) ;, 20.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHM253 .G6 no. 20, QA278.4 .G6 no. 20
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1930529M
ISBN 109122013229
LC Control Number90146034

Get this from a library. On stepwise procedures for some multiple inference problems. [Tommy Johnsson]. On Stepwise Procedures for some Multiple Inference Problems By Tommy Johnsson Jan.

8vo. ISBN Pc. On stepwise procedures for some multiple inference problems book /f 1 /US$ The main issue discussed is that of multiple inference. Methods are suggested for solving the problems of multiple comparisons and multiple regression analysis in formulations based on multiple tests.

Problems with Stepwise Regression. Here are some of the problems with stepwise variable selection. I am struck by the fact that Judd and McClelland in their excellent book Data Analysis: A Model Comparison Approach (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, ISBN ) devote less than 2 pages to stepwise methods.

A NEW BOOK FROM ALMQVIST & WIKSELL INTERNATIONAL On Stepwise Procedures for some Multiple Inference Problems By Tommy Johnsson Jan. 8vo.

Description On stepwise procedures for some multiple inference problems PDF

ISBN Pc. SEK 1 /. /US$ The main issue discussed is that of multiple inference. Methods are suggested for solving the problems of multiple comparisons and. For some common mistakes in using AIC, see pp. 63, 66,5. Liu () Simultaneous Inference in Regression, CRC Press. Liu also has Matlab® programs for implementing procedures available from his website.

(Click on the link to the book.) Last updated Janu Hochberg, Y. and Tamhane, A. () Multiple Comparison Procedures, Wiley Miller, R.G. () Simultaneous Statistical Inference 2nd Ed., Springer P.

Westfall and S. Young (), Resampling-based Multiple Testing: Examples and Methods for p-Value Adjustment, Wiley B. Phipson and G. Smyth (), Permutation P-values Should Never Be Zero: Calculating Exact P-values when. Frank Harrell’s comments: Here are some of the problems with stepwise variable selection.

It yields R-squared values that are badly biased to be high. The F and chi-squared tests quoted next to each variable on the printout do not have the claimed distribution.; The method yields confidence intervals for effects and predicted values that are falsely narrow; see Altman and Andersen ().

The authors also provide code for reproducing the results of some of the applications. if one is looking for a detailed summary of the latest developments in multiple testing regarding MTPs or in the application of MTPs to biomedical and genomic data, then this book is an excellent reference."Cited by: A slightly more complex variant of multiple stepwise regression keeps track of the partial sums of squares in the regression calculation.

These partial values can be related to the contribution of each variable to the regression model. Statistica provides an output report from partial least squares regression, which can give another perspective on which to base feature selection. Here are some of the problems with stepwise variable selection.

It yields R-squared values that are badly biased to be high.

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The F and chi-squared tests quoted next to each variable on the printout do not have the claimed distribution. Chapter Multiple Regression Introduction Multiple Regression Analysis refers to a set of techniques for studying the straight-line relationships among two or more variables.

Multiple regression estimates the β’s in the equation y =β 0 +β 1 x 1j +βx 2j + +β p x pj +ε j The X’s File Size: KB. denote the stepwise procedures by different authors, and selection criteria other than P ≤ have been suggested).

The application of stepwise procedures has been criticized on multiple grounds (for a review, see Wittingham et al. In fact, stepwise methods frequently fail to. Stepwise Regression Procedures: Overview, Problems, Results, and Suggestions Article in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1) - December with 15 Reads How we measure.

“The trouble with stepwise regression is that, at any given step, the model is fit using unconstrained least squares. I prefer methods such as factor analysis or lasso that group or constrain the coefficient estimates in some way.” As a wanna-be statistician, I’d be greatly indebted if you could explicate this further, or provide a.

Stepwise regression is a popular data-mining tool that uses statistical significance to select the explanatory variables to be used in a multiple-regression model. A fundamental problem with stepwise regression is that some real explanatory variables that have causal effects on the dependent variable may happen to not be statistically significant, while nuisance variables may be coincidentally Cited by: 4.

Continue until some stopping rule is satisfied, for example when all remaining variables have a p-value above some threshold. - Backward Unlike forward stepwise selection, it begins with the full least squares model containing all p predictors, and then iteratively removes the least useful predictor, one-at.

This book establishes the theoretical foundations of a general methodology for multiple hypothesis testing and discusses its software implementation in R and SAS.

The methods are applied to a range of testing problems in biomedical and genomic research, including the identification of. SOME PROBLEMS CONNECTED WITH STATISTICAL INFERENCE BY D.

Cox Birkbeck College, University of London' 1. Introduction. This paper is based on an invited address given to a joint meeting of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the Biometric Society at Princeton, N. J., 20th April, It consists of some general comments, fewCited by: Get this from a library.

Multiple comparison procedures. [Yosef Hochberg; Ajit C Tamhane] -- Offering a balanced, up-to-date view of multiple comparison procedures, this book refutes the belief held by some statisticians that such procedures have no place in data analysis. With equal. Stepwise normal theory multiple test procedures controlling the false discovery rate Article in Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 84(1) March with 15 ReadsAuthor: James Troendle.

Handbook of Regression Methods concisely covers numerous traditional, contemporary, and nonstandard regression methods. The handbook provides a broad overview of regression models, diagnostic procedures, and inference procedures, with emphasis on how these methods are applied. The organization of th.

A statistical hypothesis test is one of the most eminent methods in statistics. Its pivotal role comes from the wide range of practical problems it can be applied to and the sparsity of data requirements. Being an unsupervised method makes it very flexible in adapting to real-world situations.

The availability of high-dimensional data makes it necessary to apply such statistical hypothesis Cited by: 1. Selecting predictors. When there are many possible predictors, we need some strategy for selecting the best predictors to use in a regression model. A common approach that is not recommended is to plot the forecast variable against a particular predictor and if there is no noticeable relationship, drop that predictor from the model.

This is invalid because it is not always possible to see. Subject: Reasons not to do stepwise (or all possible regressions) Here are SOME of the problems with stepwise variable selection.

It yields R-squared values that are badly biased high 2. The F and chi-squared tests quoted next to each variable on the printout do not have the claimed distribution 3. Start studying AP Statistics Inference Procedures. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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“And when someone suggests you believe in a proposition, you must first examine it to see whether it is acceptable, because our reason was created by God, and whatever pleases our reason can but please divine reason, of which, for that matter, we know only what we infer from the processes of our own reason by analogy and often by negation.”.

model selection can undermine statistical inference. To our knowledge, this discussion is novel. Section 4 illustrates through simulations the kinds of distortions that can result. Section 5 discusses some potential remedies and shows with real data one example of appropriate practice.

Section 6. 2 Open the Stepwise Regression window. • Using the Analysis menu or the Procedure Navigator, find and select the Stepwise Regression procedure.

• On the menus, select File, then New Template. This will fill the procedure with the default template. 3 Specify the variables. • On the Stepwise Regression window, select the Variables Size: 67KB. The stepwise procedures use sequential F-tests, sequentially adding variables that “improve the fit” of the mindless model until there are no more IVs that meet some threshold (usually \(p.

See the work of Lacey Gunter that I have referenced here before. Also the book by Chakraborty and Moodie published by Springer in The title is Statistical Methods for Dynamic Treatment Regimes: Reinforcement Learning, Causal Inference, and Personalized Medicine.

$\endgroup$ – Michael R. Chernick Apr 2 '17 at. other basic criticisms voiced against multiple comparisons. The subject of multiple comparisons forms a part of the broader subject of simultaneous statistical inference. In this book we focus on problems involving multiplicity and selection (“data-snooping”) of infer- ences when comparing treatments based on univariate responses.some very specific phenomenon first and later see that it may be used as an indicator of some larger class of phenomena; or he may have the larger problem in mind and search for specific indicators to use in study- ing it.

Whether he is defining problems or select- ing concepts and indicators, the researcher.I would recommend not performing stepwise model building, unless you are looking for biased (inflated) coefficients, biased (deflated) p-values, and inflated model fit statistics.

The fundamental problem is that all of the inferences in one's final model carry a typically invisible/silent and usually uninterpretable series of "conditional upon all these other choices based on other variables.